Kidney Stones In Details

Diagnosing a patients having a kidney stones

Some of the bilateral renal calculi can be detected on the examination of kidney, ureters, bladder radiograph. But the radiologist and physicians must be aware of the phlebolith at the pelvis area because it may be misled to and diagnosed as stones in the urinary bladder.

Diagnosing a person to have a renal calculus is not an easy way to do because it requires a concrete basis and data’s starting on the review of medical or clinical history, lifestyle that may cause the condition, some test and physical examinations, radiologic imaging studies, study of urine contents that may predispose on the formation of stone through urinalysis.

Some of the patient will just go to the physician or hospital if they already experiencing the pain,

And the patient describes it as very painful but come and goes. At the time that patient will already experience pain it means there is already a obstruction in any of the renal system structures. The people that have kidney stone may also experience tenderness of flank area or maybe lower part of abdomen.

renal calculus

Radiologic Imaging or radiographic study

The stone that consist or contains calcium are easier to be detected with the use of traditional way which is CT scan and UTZ (ultrasound) that includes the kidney ureter and bladder. Almost the sixty percent of all kidney calculus are said to be a radiopaque. When it comes to the density calcium phosphate is said to be the number one, then second is the calcium oxalates, the last one is the stones caused by magnesium phosphates. The uric acid is not the same with other stone because it is a type of stone that is radiolucent. The stone that caused by the Cystine is also considered as radiodense.

For the patients that have nephrolithiasis the most reliable diagnostic procedure to use is the non-contrast helical imaging or CT scan. The CT scan can detect all kind of stones that being formed in urinary system except the kind of stones that being formed because of the components or sediments of the drugs they are taking that not properly excreted together with the urine. One of the examples of the said drug is the indinavir which is used as antiretroviral (protease inhibitor).

If in instances that the CT scan is not available the next best option to use for diagnostic purposes is the IV pyelogram. It is one of the helpful diagnostic procedures used for persons suspected to have urolithiasis or calculi. In this procedure the physicians will be injecting a contrast medium to the vein of the patient and then series of imaging will be done to know if there is an obstruction, the common site that needs to have an imaging is the ureters, urinary bladder, and the kidneys. Another procedure that used also for detecting calculus is the retrograde pyelography, in this procedure the contrast medium is also injected but in the distal portion or part of the ureter. It means that the dye will just locate the obstruction on the site of urinary bladder down to urethral opening.

For the cases that hydronephrosis is known, the advisable procedure to be done is the ultrasonography imaging because it gives a much detailed data than the other. There will be no presence of stone in KUB if the type of stones is radiolucent. There are lots of advantages why the kidney ultrasound is used, because it is a low cost procedure and patient will never be exposed to the harmful radiation. The disadvantages for the CT scan and the X-ray are: it is harmful to the pregnant women because there will be effects to the development of fetus and it is also not advisable for children.

Until now, even with the disadvantages of CT scan it is still considered the number one diagnostic procedure for the kidney stones because the ultrasound imaging is not very reliable when it comes on detecting the small kind of stones that usually takes place in the ureters, also the underlying condition that might be the origin of symptoms being experienced by the patient.

Research studies, Laboratory test, and examinations of the specimen

The test and studies are included in order to found out what the cause of stones is and why it occurs.

  1. Microscopic studies on the urine of patient if there are presence of white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, crystal formation, stone formation, and also bacteria.
  2. Collection of urine that will be subjected to culture and sensitivity; the culturing of the urine was done in order to know the type of bacteria or organism that is residing at the way of urine while the sensitivity is done to know what is the drugs that can resolve the problem on that specific organism or bacteria.
  3. Another procedure done is the CBC (complete blood count) it is done in order to know if there is a presence of white blood cells in the urinary tract because it is one sign of infection and struvite calculi.
  4. The kidney function evaluation is also done to determine if there is any abnormality on the blood or high level of calcium in the blood that is called hypercalcemia, which is a one factor that may cause a formation of stones.
  5. A twenty four hour urine collection and a measurement of fluid intake and output to know if there is an obstruction and fluid retention that occur. The collection is also done determine also the level of Na, Ca, phosphate, uric acid and other electrolytes or minerals in the body.
  6.  Another useful to be done is collecting of renal stones is with the use of strainer to filter it or just by collecting a urine in a one whole day. If there is a renal stone collected the next step to be done is to pass it in laboratory to examine the composition of stone, to help medical team on giving health teaching to that patient, to help the physician on what kind of medication will be given, and for managing or prevention purposes .

Natural Remedy for Kidney Stones

Ailments make our life hard. It has a capability to stop us from our daily routine and worse it can also make us helpless and useless. There are many ailments that can affect human and one of those ailments is the Kidney Stones.

Kidney Stone is a kind of ailment that affects the Kidney of the person and it gives the person a hard time whenever he or she is urinating. Most of the time Kidney Stones attack without getting notice and the person having it only pays attention when the condition is already severe.

kidney stone natural treatment

But do not feel hopeless if you found out that you are suffering from Kidney Stones or any of the stone symptoms. There are cure that does not need too much money. They are natural remedies that can help someone to get rid of their Kidney Stones and can go on with their daily routine and have a healthy life. Taking natural remedy is safe because of its natural components and it is cheaper.

Natural Remedies To Cure Kidney Stones

A solution of lemon juice, olive oil and raw apple cider vinegar is a popular natural remedy for Kidney Stones because it is known as an effective remedy. When the kidney stone strikes and give you a painful feeling try this remedy by mixing 2 oz of olive oil and lemon juice and drink it then follow it with 12 oz of purified water. Wait for 30 minutes then drink a 12 oz of purified water with a squeeze of ½ juice of lemon and 1 tablespoon of raw apple cider vinegar and repeat it the treatment every hour until the pain is gone.

Taking Urva Ursi is another way of doing the natural remedy to treat kidney stones. Urva Ursi helps the people fight the infection that cause the Kidney Stones and it cleans the urinary tract. It also reduces the pain that causes by the Kidney Stones.

Dandelion Root is effective for kidney energizer and cleanser. Having a 500mg intake of dandelion roots twice a day is very helpful for the kidney.

kidney stone natural remedy

Kidney Beans are not only a human kidney’s look alike but also a big help for kidneys as well. How does it help? Remove the beans from inside the pods then you should boil the pod for six hours in purified water. After boiling, strain it using a cheese cloth, cool it and intake the juice to have a healthy kidney.

Horsetail tea can also be good for someone who wants to be cured from Kidney Stones. Horsetail tea can cure someone with Kidney Stones by drinking 3-4 cups of horsetail tea everyday or taking 2 grams of horsetail herb in a capsule daily.

Juices are good to our body and when it comes to Kidney, Pomegranates Juice is the best. The seeds and the juice of pomegranates are considered a good natural remedy for Kidney Stones.

Magnesium is not just a chemical that can be found in the periodic table. It is also a chemical who can help somebody who has Kidney Stones. According to research, an improvement rate of someone who has Kidney Stones is 92.3 percent after the intake of the Magnesium. A dose of 300 mg of magnesium orotate daily is recommended for effective results.

natural remedy for kidney stones

By the look of the celery you can already say that it is good for the body because of its green color and it is a kind of vegetable. We all know that vegetables are good for the body. The celery itself and its seed is good for the Kidney, a regular intake of it as a spice or a tea can benefits your kidney and your health.

Basil or Basil juice to be exact is a good remedy for Kidney Stones. A one teaspoon intake of Basil juice with honey is good for you; it can help you eliminate the Kidney Stones out of your system.

Your diet plays a big role on your health; if you are suffering from Kidney Stones you must watch your diet and know the proper food to take and to avoid. Stop consuming soda and energy drinks because it has elements that can be harmful to your kidney. Processed foods and too much salts are also bad. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables to have a healthy life.

Causes Of Kidney Stones

The diet of a person plays a very big role in developing this kind of condition. The predisposing factors are low intake of fluids, high protein intake (especially the animal meats), and high intake of sweets, high intake of fructose, and also the juice of apple. Below are some of the conditions that may lead or causes of kidney stones.

Ca or Calcium

One of the most common mineral that causing the renal calculi is the calcium, if a person is having a regular high intake of calcium it may form a calcium oxalate. There are lots of studies and research state that the peoples who are taking a calcium supplements are at the very high risk on developing a renal calculi because if you are taking this supplements you may alter the normal range of calcium in the body which is excreted together with the other fluids and at the form of urine. This is also the reason why the physicians are setting a limit or a recommended dosage to their adult patients because it can also harm them and may lead to a more serious condition. One of the cases that may arise because of increase in calcium is hypercalcemia. For the women’s who are still taking calcium supplements after their menopausal especially who are consuming one thousand milligrams of calcium supplement and additional four hundred I.U. (international unit) of  Vit. D every day for a long of 7 years are the one that much higher in risk. It is about seventeen percent higher than the person taking calcium supplements who is not on menopausal stage. Almost all of the study also stated that there is really a big relation on renal calculi formation and calcium supplementation.

kidney stone causes

Other minerals or electrolytes that may prevent formation of the kidney stones

There are lots of minerals or electrolytes that can precipitate on formation of renal stone aside calcium but there are also factors like diet high in sodium contents, decreased urination, and malnourishment. Based on recent study stone formation is favorable to the persons who are drinking waters that enrich with fluoride. Another electrolyte that can prevent formation of renal stone is the K+ or potassium because this electrolyte is initiating a frequent urination response which helps the ureters of the kidneys to pass out the citrates or sediments that may eventually form a stone if they group together and form like a crystal. Person who are eating foods rich in magnesium are in low risk of having renal stones because magnesium is also one electrolyte that may prevent the formation of renal calculi.

Protein that comes from animal’s meat

Almost all the countries in the western region of the world have a diet that comes from the animal’s meat; this animal’s meat is the number one source of protein for the humans in the form of food. If the urine is very acidic it will promote the formation of renal stones. The urine becomes acidic because of the uric acid, amino acids, and other acidic compounds that come from the protein of animal’s meat. Please be aware of all the kidney stone symptoms to detect early warning.

Vitamins

At the earlier time in medical field they say that supplementation of Vitamin C contributes big in the formation of renal calculi because they say that Vitamin C supplements making the urine and renal environment very acidic, but until this present day there is no concrete proof that renal stones and Vit. C supplements are related on formation of the stone. Also at that earlier time they say that high intake of Vit. C may lead to the formation of crystal (calcium oxalate) that may also obstruct on the renal tree, but it is a very rare case to be encountered or faced in the medical field. The Vitamin D is also suspected like the Vitamin C.

Other factors that predispose formation of stones

Based on the study no concrete information, data, and evidence that can prove that alcohol intake may lead to the formation of renal stones, but there are theories that making sense and says that alcoholism or alcohol intake may cause a top predisposing factor which is dehydration. There is a research conducted by the AUA (American Urological Association) in the southern part of the United States of America and they prove that there is a high incidence and more cases of kidney stones at the places that has a high temperature and prone to dehydration.

causes of kidney stones

Very saturated urine

At the time that the urine becomes very saturated because of the some components and solutes the person will be prone on formation of kidney stones. The saturation of the urine may depends on the kind of food the patient is regularly eating, the amount of water and fluids he or she is taking, the type of medication if he or she is taking meds, the temperature of environment, activities that cause can a rapid loss of fluid in the body, and lifestyle. The pH of the urine is also a factor for the formation of stone, the kind of stone that may accumulate is depending on the acidity or alkalinity of the environment.

All kinds of stones are a combination of two or more compounds and factor. This type of case is high risk to the type of patient that lacking water in the body, which means the fluid being passed out in the body, is very saturated. Based on the study persons having a Crohn’s disease is high risk in acquiring a renal stones also. For the persons that suffering on the reoccurrence of kidney stones they will be examined through a collection of urine in a whole twenty four hours in order to evaluate and analyze the cause especially to know the pH of the renal environment and urine. The research study also tells that three percent to twenty percent of the patients that suffering in this condition has a medullary sponge kidney.

The best prevention for kidney stones that the physician is recommending is to increase oral fluid intake, be aware of foods you are taking, regular check-up, and be very vigilant about your health.

Diagnosing Kidney Stones

The initial diagnosis for the presence of kidney stones may come totally by chance such as during a check up because of immense pain or you have noticed kidney stone symptoms. Either a doctor or an emergency room specialist will try to find out your medical history and perform examination on you. After removing the kidney stones, you may be required to undergo several more tests to know if there is a possibility of the stones occurring again.

How are kidney stones diagnosed?

There are various tests with which a doctor may be able to diagnose the presence of kidney stones to know where the exact location of these stones. These tests will also enable the doctor to know if there is any damage caused by these stones through the use of a camera inserted in the urinary tract.

A CT scan or a non-contrast spiral computer tomography is a good method by which presence of kidney stones are diagnosed. This kind of CT scan is not the ordinary type because this one moves around in a circular manner.

Another method is the introduction of an IVP or an intravenous pyelogram. This is like an x-ray test and this will be able to tell the doctor the exact size, the shape and the position of your own urinary tract, the kidney and your ureters.

diagnosing kidney stone

The retrograde pyelogram on the other hand is done if diagnosis cannot be done through the use of the CT scan or the IVP.

There are tests like the urine culture test or the urinalysis which tests the urine in order to know if there are kidney stones present.

The other method is the use of a KUB or an abdominal X-ray. This will produce actual pictures of both kidneys, bladder and the ureters which connect the bladder and the kidneys.

Aside from all the mentioned tests, an ultrasonogram or the ultrasound performed on the kidneys is the best test for women who are pregnant.

 

What are the tests used to know the type of kidney stone present?

In order to determine which the right kind of treatment for you is it is important for the doctor to know the type of the stone present in your kidneys. Furthermore, determining the type of stone also helps the doctor to adopt measures that will ensure that the stones will not form in your kidneys again. These tests involve the following:

  1. Asking questions in relation to your medical history and performing a physical examination.
  2. Stone analysis. This is done through the collection of urine and then straining it through a fine gauze or a strainer. After that, the makeup of the stone will be easier to determine.
  3. There is also what is called a blood chemistry screen. This is done in order to measure the function of the kidney, to know the calcium level, measure the level of uric acid, electrolytes, phosphorous and all other substance which has the possibility of causing the occurrence of kidney stone.
  4. The doctor may also order collection of urine for the whole 24 hours in order to measure its volume and pH, oxalate, uric acid, calcium and other matters. You can easily do this test at home.

Types Of Kidney Stone

Renal lithiasis is also called kidney stones. These stones form mainly because of unhealthy diet and not enough in-take of fluids to keep the body hydrated. While the body is producing urine, there are minerals and other substances that get left behind and these are the ones that form into crystals inside the kidneys. These crystals become stones that get hard and cause a person extreme pain. The larger the stones are, the more painful it gets.

All over the world, throughout various civilizations, it is common to find people suffering from kidney stones. Even ancient civilizations have records of people suffering from kidney stones. Research on ancient Egyptians shows that they also suffered from kidney stones. It is not surprising because ancient Egyptians have lived in areas that are warm and with humid climate. They tend to lack the necessary fluids in the body and suffer from dehydration. It is also common for people in equatorial countries to have kidney stones because of dehydration. Furthermore, those who are lacking in clean supply of water also have the tendency to develop stones in kidneys because of the lack of clean drinking water which may result to dehydration.

It is quite common for stones to form in kidneys. Most of these stones are in small pieces that smoothly pass through the ureter. It is the larger stones that have difficulty leaving the body and this causes pain. Larger stones tend to block the ureter and when the body tries to excrete these stones, pressure and pain combined make it difficult. If there is a stone that gets stuck in the area of the ureter, there is a good chance for infection to occur and this infection will undoubtedly damage the kidneys.

Kidney stone types

Urine contains crystals and these crystals are the ones that form stones. Stones in kidneys form because there is an unequal amount of salts and minerals in a person’s urine. There are different kinds of kidney stones and all these kinds will depend on the presence of salt in urine.

  • Calcium stones

These stones are the most common ones. Almost 75% up to 85% of all kidney stones are because of calcium build up. The different foods we eat contain oxalate and calcium and if there is too much consumption of these foods, stones start to build up. Furthermore, too much taking of vitamin D can also cause formation of kidney stones. Those with hyperactive parathyroid glands also have the tendency to have kidney stones.

 

  • Struvite stones

Women are the ones who are most commonly affected by this rare kidney stone. It is caused by bacteria that produce excessive ammonia. It will also cause infection in the urinary tract. The other name for this kind of stone is infection stone and they are formed when the urine contains too much ammonia.

 

  • Uric acid

Excessive consumption of meat products exposes people to risks of suffering from this type of stones. Too much meat consumption will lead to the production of acid called uric acid which is produced when protein is processed by the body.

 

  • Cystine

Cystine is the rarest type of kidney stone. Cystine is an amino acid. There is a disorder called cystinuria which is hereditary and causes cystine stones to form in the kidneys.

types of kidney stones

Kidney stones commonly occur in human bodies especially for those who maintain an unhealthy diet. When coupled with less fluid intake, kidney stones form. When you are suffering from this, you will notice that having kidney stones is painful.

When the kidney stones are still at the initial stages of formation, the symptoms usually do not manifest themselves. At this stage, it is difficult to detect and diagnose. When the kidney stone symptoms come out like the presence of blood in your urine, it is only then that you start to think that you might be suffering from kidney stones. After this, it will be painful once your body tries to excrete these stones through the ureter.

When the urine is concentrated, it will commonly lead to the formation of kidney stones. This kind of urine causes salts and minerals to form and develop into crystals. These crystals then get lodged at the kidney walls and in time develop into stones of various sizes. Most of these are easily flushed out by the body and causes no harm. The larger ones are the problematic stones.

Generally, kidney stones come in four types. The most common one is the calcium stone that is formed due to oxalate and calcium combining. This kind of stone form due to various reasons. If you consume to much vitamin D, then your body may suffer from excessive calcium. There is also what is called struvite stones. This kind of kidney stone is usually present in women and is caused by the same bacteria that causes infection of the urinary tract. Ammonia is produced by these bacteria and is mixed with the urine. There are also uric stones and cystine stones but these are the rare ones.

Kidney stones will be painful only when they are too large to be naturally excreted by the body. These stones cause a blockage of the ureter which in turn leads to infection. Pain in areas like the back and the lower part of the ribs is commonly complained of by people who suffer from this type of stone. The pain will shift as the stone changes position and it may affect the lower part of your abdomen and the genitals. When there is blood in your urine, it is a major symptoms of kidney stone. Also, if the frequency of your urination is not normal, then it can also be a sign of kidney stone.

Lack of fluid intake generally causes kidney stones. The fluids in the body are not enough to excrete waste materials and you have to supplement it by drinking enough fluid. Aside from this, there are various diseases that may add to the chances of having a kidney stone. In-take of various medications, diet consisting mostly of protein and not enough fiber and even hereditary disorders may all cause the formation of kidney stones.

Diagnosis can be made through various methods. The physician may order urine and blood tests and other tests. The treatment for kidney stones is not the same for everyone because it will depend on the kind of stone present and the size. Shock waves are commonly used as treatment in order to break the stones down into tinier pieces. Surgery is also an option like tunnel surgery. Through the use of ureteroscope, kidney stones may also be removed.

In spite of the various methods of removing kidney stones, the natural method is still the best. Remember to drink enough fluid in order to help the body flush out the toxins. An average person has to take in at least 3 liters of water per day. Aside from this, there are various other methods that will cleanse the kidney.

It is important to prevent kidney stones from forming. As they say, prevention is always better than cure. Through prevention, you do not have to worry about surgeries and other methods. Therefore, if you are living an unhealthy lifestyle and you think you are at risk of developing kidney stones, look for proper ways to prevent them and you will live a healthier life.

Kidney Stone Treatments

It is not a joyride when you are suffering from kidney stones. It is not only painful but it may bring with it a hundred different complications that may affect the body’s renal system. The diagnosis for renal stones may come totally by chance especially during medical examinations. There are some kidney stones that are too small that they will not cause problems as long as they are inside the kidney. The suffered may also go unnoticed without any kidney stone symptoms. However, when they are in the ureters, that is when the pain builds up and the only option for you is treatment. For bigger stones, they will not fit in the ureter thus, they normally are found inside the kidneys. Even so, it is better to remove these stones in order to avoid infection and kidney damage.

The kidney stone treatments will start by the prescription of medications for pain to lessen the pain brought about by kidney stones. These painkillers can be purchase over-the-counter. A patient needs to take it at the intervals of 4 to 6 hours or whenever it is necessary. Should these medications fail to work, the doctor usually prescribes one that has a stronger effect. Taking in around 2 to 3 liters of water every day is also advisable in order to aid the dissolving kidney stones and enable them to pass through the renal system. Before consuming that amount of water, it is important that you consult a physician especially if you are suffering from diseases like liver problems, congestive heart diseases or renal disease. Taking in too much water may worsen these conditions. There are instances when the doctor will prescribe alpha-blockers. This will help the stones pass through the ureters without problems. The effect of these drugs would be to smooth the ureter muscles so that the stones can pass easier. You may also undergo surgery if there are stones blocking the urinary tract or if there are infections.

There is a new development in the treatment of kidney stones which is called extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy or ESWL. This is a treatment that does away with the need for surgery and uses shockwaves administered to the body through the skin. These shockwaves have enough strength to break down the stones into tiny pieces which allows them to smoothly pass through the ureter. Because of its convenience and because of the non-surgical procedure, more and more people prefer this kind of treatment. Another new treatment is called Ureteroscopy. This is a procedure involving surgery where a ureteroscope is inserted in the urinary tract to be able to look for the location of the stone. Aside from the ureteroscope, another tube or instrucment will be inserted to be able to break the kidney stones into smaller pieces. Another treatment that involves surgery is called Percutaneous nephrolithomy or nephrolithotripsy. This involves the usage of a probe to look at the kidney. This probe will be inserted at the back of the patient through an incision. In this kind of procedure, the kidney stones will also be broken into smaller pieces to allow them to pass through the ureter smoothly. When the ESWL cannot break down larger stones, this procedure is used. Depending on how big the size of the stone is and the patient’s physical condition, the physician will decide the best kind of treatment.

A brief glance on the treatment for kidney stones

In deciding which treatment will work best for the patient, a physician will take into consideration the size of the kidney stone and the physical fitness of the patient. The main purpose of the treatment is to give the patient relief from the excruciating pain and, of course, removing the stones entirely. Although hospitalization is rare, there are rare patients who may be required to be hospitalized to undergo treatment. Although there are surgical procedures in the treatment of kidney stones, it is usually non-invasive. If, for instance, the surgery will be invasive, it is usually just for locating the kidney stones and gauging its size. Remember that surgery for kidney stones is only for the removal of the stones. It will not target the cause of the formation of the stone nor will it prevent the formation of stones in the future.

kidney stone treatments

Pic from www.webmd.com

 

After a kidney stone is removed, there will be no permanent damage that may result however, the patient will be required to observe a stringent diet and other restrictions. It is common for patients who suffer from kidney stones to suffer from them again that is why there are a lot of restrictions. Once a patient strictly follows the orders of the physician, the possibility of the stone recurring is less likely.

Before a treatment can be done, it is important to locate where the kidney stone is. In order to do this, the physician may choose from the following methods:

a. X-rays or Ultra Sounds. This will give the physician an idea how big the stone is and where it is located.

b. Blood test or urine test. This test will inform the physician if there really are kidney stones present.

Kidney stones are usually small in size and most of the time, it is removed from the body through the natural process of urination. All the patient has to do is to have enough intake of water. However, in some patients, the treatment for kidney stones will require hospitalization. When this happens, IV fluids are introduced in the body in order to hydrate it. Furthermore, the patient may be required to follow a stringent diet. This treatment will last for several days until the alternative modes of treatment are suggested. There is no need to worry, however, because larger kidney stones may be removed without surgery. Although there are certain cases which may have no other alternative but surgery because the kidney stones in these cases may cause a blockage of the urinary tract and cause swelling of the kidneys.

In most treatments, ESWL is now used as an alternative treatment instead of surgery. The shockwaves will break down the stones into tinier pieces so that they can easily be ejected from the body together with the urine. The patient in this case need not be hospitalized and he will only be required to recover and rest for a few days. There are little to no side effects and the most common of which is bruising, urine with blood and some discomfort. However, after undergoing this kind of treatment, it is necessary that the patient stay away from aspirin.

If there are stones in the ureter, the physician may use a ureterscope and insert it in the urethra as well as the bladder in order to remove the stones. The two possibilities of this procedure is either the stones will be completely removed or they will be broken down into tiny pieces to allow it to be ejected from the body through urination. There will be a minimal incision at the back of the patient in order to access the kidney. A nephroscope will them be used in order to remove the kidney stones. With this kind of procedure, the patient may be required to be admitted to the hospital. In order to assist the body in its healing process, a drainage tube will be used.

Remember that not all patients will undergo the same kind of treatment. The method of treatment will always depend on the condition of the patient as well as the size of the stones. Sometimes, the type of the stone present in the kidney will also be a factor in determining the proper procedure to use. Remember, prevention is always the better cure.

Kidney Stone Prevention

Everything that we eat and take has an effect on our kidneys especially in preventing kidney stones. There are a broad range of materials claiming to inform people of what to do in order to prevent kidney stones however, there is a lot of other information that we need to know in order to fully understand kidney stones and prevent them.

In reading information regarding kidney stones, it is important to decipher which ones are true and which ones are simply myths. It is not easy to do this because too much information may sometimes cause confusion. In all cases however, it is the doctor’s call on what kind of diet is the best for you in order to prevent the formation of kidney stones.

The following are some facts regarding proper diet and you may confirm them with your doctor:

a. A reduced intake of calcium will not always prevent the formation of kidney stones. There are researches that show that kidney function disorder may also be caused by a deficiency in calcium. This is because the kidneys tend to be overworked if there is a deficiency of calcium in the body.

b. It is good to eat vegetables like asparagus and spinach. These vegetables are not only full of calcium oxalates but they are also rich in fiber. Fiber helps in the absorption of oxalates present in the intestines.

c. Moderate drinking of carbonated drinks will also help because these drinks have phosphoric acids. This acid also contributes to dissolving stones in kidneys.

d. Too much consumption of coffee may result to the formation of kidney stones. There are other studies however that show that coffee also helps in getting rid of urine that is stuck in the bladder. This means that coffee is also diuretic.

e. Ascorbic acid or Vitamin C may cause kidney stone formation. It contains ascorbic and this ascorbic is broken down into oxalate acids. However, there are also studies that negate the connection between kidney stones and ascorbic acid.

f. Junk Food will cause formation of kidney stones especially for children. This is somehow possible because junk foods are known to contain fats and proteins that are insoluble.

Whether or not the above-mentioned facts are true, the following information has been proven effective in preventing the formation of kidney stones:

It has been proven that out of a hundred people, there will be five who will suffer from kidney stones. Kidney stones are not easy to deal with and can cause extreme discomfort. Women who suffer from kidney stones would describe the pain to be something worse that giving birth. If you are one of those who are suffering from kidney stones, there is good news for you because they can now be removed without the need for surgery. It is also relatively easy to prevent the formation of these stones because all you have to do is change habits and lifestyle.

kidney stone prevention

Tips on preventing the formation of kidney stones

a. Water is the key. Without enough water, the body will suffer from dehydration and this is one of the causes for developing kidney stones. Drinking eight glasses of water a day will clear the urine and prevent the formation of kidney stones.

b. Drink only distilled water. Make it a habit to only drink distilled water because it is free from viruses, impurities, bacteria and other heavy metals that may be detrimental to one’s health. With distilled water, kidney stones will be prevented and your system will be clean.

c. Lemon will also help in preventing kidney stones. It is easy to eat and can be added to your usual glass of water. Eating two lemons per day will be a good prevention against kidney stones. If you are in a restaurant, squeeze lemon on your water, add any sweeter and you have a free lemonade!

d. It is important to exercise. If you still have not started exercising, then now is the time to do it. Aside from helping in the prevention of kidney stones, exercise will also bring you a wide range of other benefits. It is also important to spend time outdoors. Look for a hobby or an activity that will work your body and do it. The ideal frequency for exercise would be around 3 to 4 days per week and at least 30 minutes of working your body.

e. A step-o-meter can help you. This is a device that will let you know how many steps you have already taken per day. It has become a popular device because of McDonalds. The ideal goal would be around 10,000 steps every day.

f. Sleeping is also important. Most of us have disrupted sleeping patterns and it’s either we get too much sleep or too little sleep. The minimum amount of sleep you should be getting should be around 6 to 8 hours. Remember that the body is equipped with its natural clock and it will be much better to have a routine for sleeping and a constant time for waking up.

g. Concentrated cranberry juice will also help in maintaining a healthy urinary tract.

h. Citrates will also be your friend. It will help in reducing the accumulation of uric acid and calcium which may cause the formation of kidney stones. Drinking juices from vegetables and fruits will also help.

i. Try to avoid drinking too much soda. It is common for people to believe that drinking soda will cause the formation of kidney stones. This has a basis. There is too much phosphorous in carbonated drinks and this will cause the formation of kidney stones.

j. Food which contains too much sugar should be avoided. It will only increase your chances of getting kidney stones. If you avoid eating and drinking food with too much sugar, you will not only prevent the formation of kidney stones but also reducing the amount of calories you take in.

If you are one of those suffering from kidney stones, you know the pain and the discomfort that comes with it. That is why it is important to prevent its formation. Changes in habits and lifestyles are the keys towards the healthier kidney.

Remember, the best cure itself is the kidney stone prevention. You may also want to check out the symptoms of kidney stones here.

Kidney Stone Symptoms

Crystal formations that are located in a person’s urinary tract are called kidney stones. People who suffer from having kidney stones have to change their diet in order to avoid the same problem from recurring. Not all kidney stones are the same because they can come in different sizes and in different shapes. They can also be composed of various elements like calcium or urate. Smaller stones in the kidney may not manifest any symptom while the larger stones may cause unbearable pain similar to that of giving birth. There are various symptoms which indicate the presence of kidney stones and these are the following below.

Symptoms:

1. Severe and intense pain that may come suddenly. This type of pain comes in waves and worsen with each wave.

2. Back pain, side pain or genitals or groin pain are also symptoms of kidney stones.

3. If the stone is located near the bladder, there is more frequent urination.

4. There will be a burning sensation felt while urinating.

5. Nausea accompanied by vomiting may also be present.

6. There will be blood in the urine or a condition called hematuria if the stones are in the kidneys or once they go through the ureters.

7. There is kidney infection if there is now fever coupled with chills.

In a lot of cases, there are no symptoms that may manifest and this is especially true for smaller kidney stones. Larger stones may have more severe symptoms like a blockage when urinating because of the blocking of the urinary tract. When that happens, the normal symptom is pain while urinating. For patients suffering from larger kidney stones, they may also experience nausea couple with vomiting. They may also experience pain present in the lower part of their abdomen.

Symptoms for kidney stones and that of urinary tract infection or UTI may be the same. It may also be the same as that of cystitis. There are patients who report severe and intense pain because of renal stones such that they become unable to do move or even walk. This may be the cause of hospitalization. There are also stones which are smaller in size and are ejected from the body through the natural process of urination. If there are bigger stones present, then proper and timely medical attention like surgery or medications is needed.

symptoms of kidney stone

Symptoms of kidney stones in women

Women and men alike experience extreme pain when they have stones in their kidneys. This kind of pain will not be felt as long as the stones are inside the kidney. However, this is not a good thing because stones staying inside the kidney may cause other health risks.

It is better for the stone to be excreted from the body with urine. While this is a better alternative, it is the more painful one more so when the stone is large, plenty or even has rough edges.

For those who have not experienced having kidney stones, they may be wondering how painful it is for women. Most will describe it as worst pain – one that is worse than the pain experienced during childbirth.

The more accurate description of the kind of pain from kidney stones is that it is sudden and severe and worsens in waves. Some patients feel that painkillers have no effect. You cannot do anything, you cannot move and all you feel is pain.

The pain will come from the back area or the side area. After that, you will feel it in your abdomen, in your genitals, in your limbs and everything will feel like it is burning. Your bladder movements will also be affected as the stones travel down the urinary tract.

For women, the symptoms of kidney stones are not limited to feeling pain. It is just a sign that something is happening in the urinary tract. Aside from the pain, you may also feel nauseous coupled with moments of vomiting.

With pain and other symptoms combined, most patients spend a significant amount of time in the bathroom while trying to get rid of the stone through urination. You will feel a frequency in your bladder movement. The pain seems to be everywhere even when you are lying down because you cannot find a comfortable position.

Women will also experience physical symptoms of kidney stones. They may suffer from fever coupled with chills. This is a sign that an infection is present. This is caused by the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract.

Symptoms of kidney stones occurring in men

Kidney stone symptoms will always vary depending on how big the stone is. Larger stones will cause a difficulty in urination coupled with excruciating pain. Nausea with headache and occasional vomiting will also be experienced. While there are various symptoms indicating the presence of kidney stones, this disease may also not manifest any symptom and this will make it difficult to diagnose.kidney stone symptoms

Men who suffer from kidney stones may also experience having blood in their urine. While there are men who are able to urinate even with kidney stones, such process is usually uncomfortable and painful. A burning sensation may also be present or the urine may have an unpleasant smell.

Aside from the above mentioned symptoms, kidney stones may also cause pain in the lower part of the abdomen, urinary tract infection together with fever. It may also cause back pain.